WHEATON Chemical Compatibility & Factors - page 1

WHEATON
800.225.1437 (U.S. & Canada Only) | 856.825.1100 | 856.825.1368 (F) |
WCG_010 08/2014
Convert From
Convert Into
Multiply By
Angstrom units
Centimeter
1.0 x 10
-8
Inches
3.9370 x 10
-9
Microns
0.0001
Millimeters
1.0 x 10
-7
Mils
3.9370 x 10
-6
Atmospheres (std.)
Bars
1.01325
Inches of Hg @ 32°F
29.9213
Millibars
1013.25
Mm of Hg @ 0°C
760.0
Torr
760.0
Bars
Atmospheres (std.)
0.98692
Inches of Hg @ 32°F
29.5299
Millibars
1000.00
Mm of Hg @ 0°C
750.062
Torr
750.062
Centimeters
Angstrom units
1.0 x 10
8
Inches
0.39370
Microns
1.0 x 104
Millimeters
10.0
Mils
393.701
Cubic Centimeters
Cubic Inches
0.06102
Drams (fluid)
0.27051
Gallons (UK liquid)
2.1997 x 10
-4
Gallons (US liquid)
2.6417 x 10
-4
Liters
1.0 x 10
-3
Milliliters
1.0
Ounces (UK liquid)
0.03519
Ounces (US liquid)
0.03381
Cubic Inches
Cubic Centimeters
16.3871
Drams (fluid)
4.43290
Gallons (UK liquid)
3.6046 x 10
-3
Gallons (US liquid)
4.3290 x 10
-3
Liters
0.01639
Milliliters
16.3871
Ounces (UK liquid)
0.57674
Ounces (US liquid)
0.55411
Drams (fluid)
Cubic Centimeters
3.69672
Cubic Inches
0.22559
Gallons (UK liquid)
8.1316 x 10
-4
Gallons (US liquid)
9.7657 x 10
-4
Liters
3.6967 x 10
-3
Milliliters
3.69672
Ounces (UK liquid)
0.13011
Ounces (US liquid)
0.12500
Gallons (UK liquid)
Cubic Centimeters
4546.09
Cubic Inches
277.419
Drams (fluid)
1229.76
Gallons (US liquid)
1.20095
Liters
4.54609
Milliliters
4546.09
Ounces (UK liquid)
160.0
Ounces (US liquid)
153.722
Gallons (US liquid)
Cubic Centimeters
3785.41
Cubic Inches
231.0
Drams(fluid)
1023.99
Gallons (UK liquid)
0.83267
Liters
3.78541
Milliliters
3785.41
Ounces (UK liquid)
133.228
Ounces (US liquid)
128.0
Grams
Kilograms
1.0 x 10
-3
Ounces (avdp)
0.03527
Ounces (troy)
0.03215
Pounds (avdp)
2.2046 x 10
-3
Pounds (troy)
2.6791 x 10
-3
Inches
Angstrom units
2.540 x 10
8
Centimeters
2.54
Microns
25400.0
Millimeters
25.40
Mils
1000.0
Inches of Hg @ 32°F
Atmospheres (std.)
0.03342
Bars
0.03386
Millibars
33.8639
Mm of Hg @ 0°
25.4000
Torr
25.4000
Kilograms
Grams
1000.00
Ounces (avdp)
35.2739
Ounces (troy)
32.1505
Pounds (avdp)
2.20462
Pounds (troy)
2.67921
Convert From
Convert Into
Multiply By
Liters
Cubic Centimeters
1000.03
Cubic Inches
61.0237
Drams (fluid)
270.510
Gallons (UK liquid)
0.21997
Gallons (US liquid)
0.26418
Milliliters
1000.03
Ounces (UK liquid)
35.1951
Ounces (US liquid)
33.8149
Microns
Angstrom units
10000.0
Centimeters
1.0 x 10
-4
Inches
3.9370 x 10
-5
Millimeters
1.0 x 10
-3
Mils
0.03937
Millibars
Atmosphere (std.)
9.8692 x 10
-4
Bars
1.0 x 10
-3
Inches of Hg @ 32°F
0.02953
Mm of Hg @ 0°C
0.75006
Torr
0.75006
Milliliters
Cubic Centimeters
1.0000
Cubic Inches
0.06102
Drams (fluid)
0.27051
Gallons (UK liquid)
2.1997 x 10
-4
Gallons (US liquid)
2.6417 x 10
-4
Liters
1.0 x 10
-3
Ounces (UK fluid)
0.03519
Ounces (US fluid)
0.03381
Millimeters
Angstrom units
1.0 x 10
7
Centimeters
0.10
Inches
0.03937
Microns
1000.0
Mils
39.3701
Millimeters Hg @ 0°C
Atmospheres (std.)
1.3158 x 10
-3
Bars
1.3332 x 10
-3
Inches of Hg @ 32°F
0.03937
Millibars
1.333221
Torr
1.0
Mils
Angstrom units
254000.0
Centimeters
2.540 x 10
-3
Inches
1.0 x 10
-3
Microns
25.40
Millimeters
0.0254
Ounces (avdp)
Grams
28.3495
Kilograms
0.02835
Ounces (troy)
0.91146
Pounds (avdp)
0.06250
Pounds (troy)
0.07596
Ounces (troy)
Grams
31.1035
Kilograms
0.03110
Ounces (avdp)
1.09714
Pounds (avdp)
0.06857
Pounds (troy)
0.08333
Ounces (UK liquid)
Cubic Centimeters
28.4131
Cubic Inches
1.73387
Drams (fluid)
7.68603
Gallons (UK liquid)
6.250 x 10
-3
Gallons (US liquid)
7.8125 x 10
-3
Liters
0.02841
Milliliters
28.4131
Ounces (US liquid)
0.96076
Ounces (US liquid)
Cubic Centimeters
29.5735
Cubic Inches
1.80469
Drams (fluid)
8.0
Gallons (UK liquid)
6.5053 x 10
-3
Gallons (US liquid)
7.8125 x 10
-3
Liters
0.02957
Milliliters
29.5735
Ounces (UK liquid)
1.04084
Pounds (avdp)
Grams
453.592
Kilograms
0.45359
Ounces (avdp)
16.0
Ounces (troy)
14.5833
Pounds (troy)
1.21528
Pounds (troy)
Grams
373.242
Kilograms
0.37324
Ounces (avdp)
13.1657
Ounces (troy)
12.0
Pounds (avdp)
0.82286
Torr
Atmospheres (std.)
1.3158 x 10
-3
Bars
1.3332 x 10
-3
Inches of Hg @ 32°F
0.03937
Millibars
1.33322
Mm of Hg @ 0°C
1.0
Common Conversion Factors
Temperature
°C = (°F - 32) x 0.56
°F = (°C x 1.8) + 32
Power
Amperage = Wattage / Voltage
Voltage = Wattage / Amperage
Wattage = Voltage x Amperage
Chemical Compatibility
Container Materials
Closure Liner Materials
Closure Materials
Septa, Stopper & Tubing Materials
Poly-
Butyl
Natural
Chemical
Glass HDPE LDPE PC PET PETG PP Al Foil
LDPE Vinyl
PTFE SBR Silicone
PBT Phenolic PP Urea
Rubber FKM Rubber PTFE Silicone TPE
Acetic acid, Glacial
A A B C A C A A B B A C B
C A A D
B D B A B B
Acetone
A D D D C D B A D D A D B
D A B A
B D B A B D
Acetonitrile
A A A D B C A A A D A B D
– A A –
D D D A D D
Acrylonitrile
A A A D B – B B A D A C D
– D B –
D D D A D –
Ammonium Sulfide
A A A D – – A D A A A B A
– A A C
A C A A A B
Benzene
A D D D C D D B D D A D D
A A D A
D A D A D D
Bleach
A A B B C C B D B A A D B
C D B –
A A D A B A
Boric Acid
A A A A A A A D A A A A A
A B A –
A A A A A B
Carbonic Acid
A A A A – A A B A A A B A
B – A –
A A A A A D
Chlorobenzene
A C D D B C C A D D A D D
B A C B
D A D A D D
Chloroform
A C C D D D D A C D A D D
D A D A
D A D A D D
Dichloromethane (DCM)
A C D D D D C D D D A D D
D C C B
D B D A D D
Diethylamine
A C D D – – B A D D A B B
– – B –
B C B A B –
Dimethyl Formamide (DMF)
A A A D B C A A A D A D B
C A A –
D D D A B C
Dimethyl Sulfoxide (DMSO)
A A A D B C A A A D A D D
C – A –
D D D A D –
Dioxane
A B B D A A D D B D A D D
B A D –
B D D A D –
Ether
A C D D A A D B D D A D D
A B D B
D C D A D D
Ethyl Acetate
A B B D B C C B B D A D C
C A C B
C D D A C D
Ethyl Alcohol
A A A A A A A B A B A A B
A B A A
A A A A B B
Ethylene Glycol
A A A A A A A B A A A A A
A B A B
A A A A A B
Formaldehyde
A A A A B A A A A C A B B
A B A A
A C C A B A
Formic Acid 50%
A A B B – – A C B B A B C
A C A D
A C B A C B
Gasoline
A C D C B B C A D D A D D
A B C A
D A D A D D
Glycerine
A A A A – A A A A C A A B
A A A –
A A A A B B
Heptane
A C D B B – C A D C A D D
A A C A
D A D A D C
Hexane
A B D C C B B A D D A D D
A B B –
D A D A D B
Hydrochloric Acid (HCL) 50%
A A A D B C A D A B A D D
C A A D
A A B A D B
Hydrofluoric Acid (HF) 50%
D A A D C D A D A C A D D
C D A D
C A C A D A
Hydrogen Peroxide 50%
B A A A B B A A A C A C B
B D A D
B A B A B B
Iodine
A C D C A – C A D C A B A
D -
C –
B A D A A D
Isopropyl Alcohol
A A A A A A A A A B A B A
A A A –
A A A A A B
Methyl Alcohol
A A A B B A A A A C A A A
B B A A
A D A A A A
Methyl Ethyl Ketone (MEK)
A D D D B C B A D D A D D
C A B –
A D D A D B
Methylene Chloride
A C D D D D C D D D A D D
D C C B
D B D A D D
Nitric Acid 50%
A C B B C B C D B B A D D
C B C D
C B C A D B
Pentane
A C C A – – D A C D A D D
B – D –
D A D A D B
Perchloric Acid 50%
B B B D B C B D B D B D D
– – B –
B A D B D A
Phenol 50%
A D D D D D D A D C A D D
D A D –
D A D A D D
Phosphoric Acid 50%
A A A A B – A B A B A D D
B B A D
B A D A D A
Picric Acid
A D D D B – D A D D A B D
D A D D
B A B A D D
Potassium Hydroxide
D A A D D D A D A A A B C
C D A –
A B B A C A
Sodium Hydroxide 50%
D A B D D C A D B C A A B
C D A C
A B A A B C
Sodium Peroxide
A B B A – – B C B A A B D
B B B D
A A B A D A
Sodium Thiosulfate
A A A B B – A A A A A B A
B A A B
A A B A A –
Sulfuric Acid 50%
A A A B B C B C A C A D D
B C B D
D A D A D A
Tetrahydrofuran (THF)
A C C D B D B A C D A D D
D A B –
C D D A D D
Toluene
A C C D C C C A C C A D D
D A C –
D B D A D D
Trifluoroacetic Acid (TFA) 50% A A A D B – A B A A A B D
– – A –
B C B A D –
Vegetable Oil
A B B A A A A A B A A D A
A A A A
C A D A A –
Xylene
A C D D C – D A D D A D D
C A D B
D A D A D D
(Tests conducted at room temp)
A
- Resistant
B
- Limited Resistance
C
- Poor Resistance
D
- Not Resistant
- Unknown
Al Foil
... aluminum foil
FMK
... fluoroelastomer
HDPE
... high density polyethylene
LDPE
... low density polyethylene
PBT
... polybutylene terephthalate
PC
... polycarbonate
PET
... poyethylene terephthalate
PETG
... polyethylene terephthalate g copolymer
PP
... polypropylene
PTFE
... polytetrafluoroethylene
SBR
... styrene butadiene rubber
TPE
... thermoplastic Elastomer, C-Flex
Although the information in this chart was acquired from reputable sources, it should only be used as a guide in selecting a container and closure system. Because so many factors can affect the chemical
resistance of a material, in-house testing under actual conditions should be performed. WHEATON accepts no responsibility for the accuracy of this data or for any consequences resulting from its use.
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